Returning the Gaze project. Artist: Donovan Ward

Institutions of Public Culture

2003-2004 Fellows



CSPS Photo Galleries
Photo Gallery: 2005-2006 Institutions of Public Culture Program
Photo Gallery: 2003-2004 Institutions of Public Culture Program

Photo Gallery: 2002-2003 Institutions of Public Culture Program
Photo Gallery: 2001-2002 Institutions of Public Culture Program

Research Fellows

Marijke du Toit (Department of Historical Studies, University of Natal, Durban) pursued two related projects on documentary photography while at Emory. The first, Photographing Poverty in Pre-Apartheid South Africa (1916-1948), examined visual images of people framed as problematically poor within a broader context of picturing working-class persons. She placed these images within South Africa's changing visual economy and considered the development of local traditions of social documentary photography in relation to poverty. Throughout, she examined the dynamics of racialized social documentary portraiture. Du Toit also worked on the Durban South Photography Project, a collaborative venture with photographer Jenny Gordon that aims to portray life in Durban's southern industrial basin. The project combines contemporary social documentary photography with research into personal and familial photography. A central aspect of the project is an annual workshop and exhibition - residents take photographs, make albums and choose family photographs to exhibit. Du Toit reflected on this dynamic of local exhibitions and planned towards further exhibitions that are to include Gordon's photographs. Her other primary research interest is feminist history of Afrikaner nationalism and her work in this area has been published in several journals and books. (Spring semester)

Ryland Fisher (Ryland Fisher Communications, Cape Town) is a freelance journalist and entrepreneur. He also owns a communications company dedicated to bringing people together in spite of their differences. He has worked for several newspapers in South Africa, including the Cape Herald, South, the Sunday Times, and the Cape Times. While chief editor of the Cape Times, he began the One City, Many Cultures editorial project as an attempt to deal with racial intolerance and to make people aware of different cultures in the city. This led to the One City Festival, which was later renamed the Cape Town Festival. Fisher has also been heavily involved in community projects, currently serving on the board of the Cape Town Community Housing Company and chairing the board of the One City Events Company, which organizes the Cape Town Festival. Fisher writes a weekly column on black economic empowerment for one of South Africa's major newspapers, the Citizen, and the Moneyweb website. He also writes a monthly column for the Big Issue, a magazine that helps homeless people. He also serves on the board of the Big Issue. While at Emory, Fisher worked on a book entitled In Black, White and Coloured: Reflections on Race and Racism in Post-Apartheid South Africa. The book explores race and racism through interviews with a variety of South Africans, including, among others, mixed race couples, the leader of a white homeland, a family from the Cape Flats, and teenagers at a mixed race school. (Fall semester)

Madeleine Fullard (South African Democracy Education Trust, Cape Town) is a researcher and co-author for "The Road to Democracy Project", a five volume study on South Africa's liberation struggle being prepared by the South African Democracy Education Trust. Fullard served as a senior research analyst at the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) for six years and also authored several sections of the "Report of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission". She serves as an advisor on post-TRC prosecutions to the South African Department of Justice. While at Emory, she worked on a joint project with Nicky Rousseau (see below) entitled Uncertain Borders: Engagements with the Truth and Reconciliation Commission. This study draws on their work at the TRC and examines the TRC in relation to local South African contexts and against the work of other truth commissions. Areas of focus include the methodological cross-currents within its work and particular sites of contestation such as the exhumation of human remains, collaborators and informers, and the representations of armed struggle of the liberation movements. (Fall Semester)

Nicky Rousseau (Department of History, University of the Western Cape) collaborated with Madeleine Fullard on the project Uncertain Borders: Engagements with the Truth and Reconciliation Commission as described above. For six years Rousseau served as a senior research analyst for the Truth and Reconciliation Commission where, in addition to research and analysis of various aspects of the apartheid state's security forces, she was part of a team of authors for the TRC's official Report. Rousseau is currently a lecturer in history at the University of the Western Cape. Her areas of teaching include the liberation struggle, oral history research, the TRC and the South African past, and the history of the Western Cape. She also serves as an advisor on post-TRC investigations for the National Prosecuting Authority and is a Founder Member of RADIF (African Network Against Disappearances-Réseau Africain contre les disparitions forcées). (Spring Semester)

Student Fellows

Billiard Lishiko (University of the Western Cape, M.A. student in Public and Visual History) is pursuing his M.A. in South Africa. While at Emory, he completed his thesis on the Politics of Production of Archaeological Knowledge: A Case Study of the Later Stone Age Rock Art Paintings of Kasama, Northern Zambia. He has also been employed since 1988 as a Conservation Officer for the National Heritage Conservation Commission in Zambia, which manages, preserves, and presents Zambia's cultural and natural heritage. Lishiko oversees the research, management, preservation, conservation, and presentation of archaeological sites, the Victoria Falls Field Museum, and the historical and anthropological heritage (including rock art heritage for the whole country) of the southern and western provinces of Zambia. Lishiko also served as a Curator for two years, from 1996-1998, for Zambia's Railway Museum, which is also run by the National Heritage Conservation Commission. After his student fellowship at Emory, Lishiko completed a summer internship at the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Natural History.

Mbulelo Mrubata (Human Sciences Research Council, Cape Town) received his M.A. in history from the University of the Western Cape. His thesis, Production of History at the Castle of Good Hope in the Twentieth Century, looked at the ways in which the history of the castle has been presented by individuals and institutions. Mrubata is pursuing a career as an independent researcher conducting research on cultural heritage. As a part-time researcher for the Human Sciences Research Council, he worked on a survey of problems faced by workers in the cultural industry in South Africa. Mrubata is also co-authoring a paper for the National Minister of Arts and Culture about intangible heritage in the Southern African Development Community (SADEC) region. He has also worked on a project sorting and analyzing the heritage collection for the University of Cape Town's Center for African Studies private manuscript section. While at Emory, he examined debates in the field of cultural history, the development of cultural heritage sites, and the importance of culture in the development of a country. Mrubata's summer internship was spent at the UCLA Fowler Museum of Cultural History.

Charles Kabwete Mulinda (National University of Rwanda) has been an assistant lecturer in general history at the National University of Rwanda since 1999. In 2002, he received an M.A. in history from the University of the Western Cape, where he studied issues of memory, museums, culture, identity, and visual history. His M.A. thesis discussed the evolution of tradition in pre-colonial Rwanda. Before going to the National University, Mulinda worked for the National Museum of Rwanda, where he researched aspects of Rwandan culture, such as traditional marriage and the evolution of art craft. At Emory, he continued studying history, anthropology, museology and ethnography. He was also excited about the opportunity to interact with museums outside Africa to learn about differences and share experiences. Following his student fellowship at Emory, Mulinda spent his summer internship working at the Chicago Historical Society.

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